Munja company was founded as a shareholder corporation for electrotechnical and technical industry on 03.11. 1920., and it was inscribe into a Seventh Book of Companies register in Zagreb as number 60. Shareholder capital was 500.000 krunas. Founders were domestic and foreign shareholders. Office was in Šenoa street 28 in Zagreb, where were board and administration and engineers located, and warehouse was on the Borongaj road 9 with 19 workers at the beginning.
Office was relocated in Martić street 14 in Zagreb.
Foreign shareholders beginn to dominate in Munja – „Hrvatska sveopća banka“ sold its shares to „Wiener Bank Verein“ from Vienna.
Munja opened its branch office in Belgrade.
Battery producers „Tudor“ – „AFA“ Berlin and Vienna took over the ownership in Munja. They started serial industrial production of batteries investing in research and development. At that time, Munja covered all the needs for batteries in Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Munja offices are in Domagoj street 4.
In June 1933. company board decided to establish a new battery factory at the Vrbanićeva 50 location. In March 1935. starts to work new, modern plant, very well equiped and most modern in Europe at that time. Munja starts to produce electrodes of different shape for stationary batteries, telephone and telegraph batteries, batteries for submarines, alkal batteries for lightning and batteries for railway locomotives.
Munja shares are took over by German and Swedish companies: „Accumulatoren Fabrik“ Berlin and „Aktienbogalet“ Stockholm. Such a ownership structure stays until 1945. From 1941. to 1945. production did not stop. It was time of increasing production for military purposes and orientation on war time production.
Nationalization of Munja company. It becomes 100% state owned by Decision of City Council for Confiscation.
12.24.1948. by the Decision of Goverment of Peoples Republic of Croatia, Munja becomes a state owned company. As a only battery producer in Yugoslavia, Munja was establishing new factories, training personel and giving technical assistance.
New production plant in Vrbaniceva street. Production for automotive and military industry.
Part of the production is going for OEM (original equipment manufacturer) for vehicle producers: „Crvena Zastava“, Kragujevac and TAM Maribor.
Munja becomes a holding with „Rudnici“ Mežica, and „Vesna“ Maribor.
Munja bought a new location for the factory on Žitnjak (Zagreb was extending and factory has to be relocated).
Munja is out of the holding with „Rudnici“ Mežica and „Vesna“ Maribor. They all became independent companies.
New factory on Žitnjak was finished. Production and administration are relocated on Žitnjak.
Management and workers are involved in protests in, so called „Croatian Spring“ (political movement that insisted on Croatian independent state).
Management of the company was released of duty
Recession in Croatia and in Yugoslavia, time of hiperinflation.
War in Croatia, Croatia became an independent state. Production did not stop during the Homeland War. Transformation and privatisation – 11.30. 1993. Munja became, after 47 years, company with share capital, mostly stateowned. From 1920. company preserve its basic business – battery production. 1999. and 2000. Munja was privatised and became a completely privateowned company. Majority shareholder is „HE-TO TRADE“ Zagreb with 94,75% of shares and 5,25% are by small shareholders owned.
Modernisation of the factory started and until 2007. 7,6 milions euros has been invested in machinery and equipment. Today, with its technical and technological capabilities, Munja can compete with european and world producers. Investments increase the capacity and quality of the products according to the world standards, and develop the assortment of the products.
In nine month period, Munja carry out educations and preparations to implement ISO standards about quality control, health and safety and enviroment protection management, and in november has been certified by „SGS“ Switzerland with:
- ISO 9001:2000 management of quality control system
- ISO 9001:2008 management of quality control system
- ISO 14001: 2004 management of envirment protection system
- OHSAS 18000:2007 management of health and safety system.